- The matches will be played according to the FIH-rules, except where otherwise stated. (See new FIH-rules)
- The length of the matches is: Friday and Saturday 2 x 25 minutes.
- The umpire will give start and end signals for the matches.
- For a victory 3 points will be awarded, for a draw 1 point and for a loss 0 points.
- In case two or more teams in the same pool end up with an equal number of points, the following rules will be applied:
- a. The result between the teams is decisive;
- b. If a. doesn't give a decision, the goal balance is decisive;
- c. if b. doesn't give a decision, the number of goals scored is decisive;
- d. If c. doesn't give a decision, shoot outs will be taken.
- If the placing matches, except the finals, end in a draw, shoot outs will be taken to decide on a winner.
- If the final ends in a draw, extra time will be played for 2 x 7,5 minutes, with the 'golden goal' rule. If the score is still a draw after extra time, shoot outs will be taken to decide on a winner.
- In the case shoot outs have to be taken, the following rules will be applied:
- a. the shoot outs will be taken in a barrage of (maximum) 5; b. If necessary, this barrage will be followed by a 'sudden death' series of shoot outs, taken by the same five players of each team. The team that took the last shoot out in the first series will start the sudden-death series. The players are allowed to take the shoot outs in another order than the first series.
- In case the team outfits cause confusion (decided by the umpires), the team mentioned second in the program has to provide an alternate uniform.
- If a participant receives a third yellow card, he/she will be automatically suspended for the next match. The same rule is applied for every yellow card received hereafter.
- If a participant receives a red card, he/she will be automatically suspended for the next match.
- Protests are not allowed; in exceptional cases the tournament committee decides.
What are the key differences between a penalty stroke and a shoot-out?
A penalty stroke is a single shot by an attacker against a goalkeeper. The ball is placed on the penalty spot 6.4 metres from the back line. A good comparison for a newcomer to hockey would be to say that it is similar to a penalty kick in football. In a Penalty Shoot-out, the ball is placed on the 23-metre line, with an attacker next to it and a goalkeeper in goal on the back line. When the whistle is blown the attacker has 8 seconds in which to try and score a goal. This more mirrors what ice hockey has as it is permitted for the attacker to move the ball forward before taking a shot.
Why has the FIH decided to change from a penalty stroke to a penalty shoot-out?
FIH Competitions Committee has been researching whether or not to move away from Penalty Stroke competitions for the last two years. After much discussion and research, it was decided to use Penalty Shoot-outs because they ultimately better replicate real game situations and tend to require more skill, and as such are a better way to determine a tied match.
Does this mean all tied matches will now be decided in a penalty shoot-out?
No, there will still be matches that remained tied at the end of regulation time. Just as before with the Penalty Stroke competition, the Penalty Shoot-out will only be used in classification matches (quarterfinals, semi-finals, medal games, etc). Penalty Strokes will still remain during normal time for offences that require more than a Penalty Corner.
Are shoot-outs currently used anywhere else in competition?
Yes. They have been used in the Australian Hockey League since 2001 and the Euro Hockey League since it started in 2007/2008.